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Male Factor Infertility

Have you been struggling to conceive for more than a year? ​Testing both partners is essential in determining the cause of infertility.

About one-third of all infertility cases can be attributed to male factor infertility.

Drs. Mark Kalan and Nurit Winkler in Bakersfield and Encino, CA, can determine what's preventing you from building your family.

Are You Struggling With Male Infertility? Contact Los Angeles Reproductive Center

Drs. Kalan and Winkler understand the emotional toll infertility can cause you and your partner. We want to help you get to the root cause of your fertility issues so you can build your family. Contact our Encino practice to learn about our fertility tests and treatments. 

Determining the Cause of Male Infertility

Identifying the specific cause of infertility is an important step toward your goal of starting a family. It is essential to evaluate both partners to determine the cause. We can perform a full spectrum of tests for both female and male infertility at our Encino and Bakersfield practices. 

Many factors can affect the quality of sperm and lead to male infertility, including:


Lifestyle factors such as smoking and heavy drinking can negatively affect semen quality. Additionally, environmental toxins, such as those found in the workplace, can damage a patient's sperm.


The natural aging process can impact male fertility and sexual function. The quality of your sperm will decrease with age. 


Some health conditions like diabetes, HIV, and gonorrhea, among others, can lead to male infertility. During treatment, patients with kidney disease may also experience reduced sperm count and function.


Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and hormone therapy can damage sperm cells. In many cases, sperm production slows or stops completely after chemotherapy, while hormone therapy can lower sperm production and cause erectile dysfunction.


Some patients will experience male infertility because of certain genetic conditions. Chromosomal abnormalities, gene deletions, and gene mutations can all cause male infertility. 

How Will a Vasectomy Reversal Affect My Sperm Count?


The majority of patients who undergo a vasectomy reversal will have sperm reappear in their semen within a few weeks, but for some patients this may take up to a year. Factors like the length of time since the original vasectomy, scarring, or blockage can affect success rates. Contact our Encino practice to learn more. 

Are You Ready To Treat Your Male Infertility? Contact the Los Angeles Reproductive Center

Our doctors are double board-certified in Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility. For years, they have been helping the men and women of Encino and the Los Angeles area treat their infertility. They understand the burden infertility can bring to you and your partner and are dedicated to providing quality and compassionate care.

Our entire team is passionate about helping our patients begin or expand their families through advanced technology and natural treatments. We provide infertility treatments and solutions in a luxurious environment so our patients can remain relaxed and comfortable throughout their care. 

Contact our Encino, CA, practice to learn more about our infertility solutions and how we can help you build your family.

(818) 946-8051


We Take Pride  in Helping You Build Your Family

"After 18 years of fertility treatments we decided to give Dr. Kalan a try. Started our journey 12/2018 and by May 2019 we were FINALLY pregnant. I can’t thank the wonderful staff and Dr. Kalan for our beautiful miracle." Joe Doe

How We Can Help Facilitate Pregnancy Male Factor Infertility Treatments

There are several steps that can be taken to improve the quality of your sperm. Depending on the cause or causes of your male factor infertility, we can recommend customized treatment to help facilitate conception and pregnancy. 


While we always recommend conservative options first, in some cases, like azoospermia or varicocele, surgery may be necessary. A varicocele is an enlarged vein within the scrotum that can cause a block. If this is the cause of your infertility, the varicocele can be corrected through a surgical procedure that stitches or clips the vein shut. If azoospermia is the cause of your fertility issues, a testicular sperm extraction can be performed to retrieve the sperm directly from the testicles. 

Man taking hormone medication

Hormone Treatments

Sometimes high or low levels of certain hormones can affect the quality of your sperm. If this is determined to be a cause of your male factor fertility issues, our doctors can recommend medications to help bring your hormones back to healthy levels. 

Man holding crotch area in pain because of infection

Infection Treatments

Sometimes bacterial infections or STIs can cause male factor fertility complications. Treating these infections can help restore fertility and increase your chance of pregnancy.

Collected sperm extraction

Assisted Reproductive Technology

Assisted reproductive technology can include collecting sperm through ejaculation, testicular sperm extraction, or obtaining a sample from a donor depending on your wishes and goals. The collected sperm will then be inserted into the female partner or used for in vitro fertilization (IVF). 

Couple cooking

Lifestyle Changes

For fertility issues involving genetic conditions, environmental factors, or weight-related health conditions like diabetes, our doctors may recommend lifestyle changes. Sometimes maintaining a healthy diet and stopping habits like smoking can be enough to facilitate pregnancy. 

Both Partners Should Always Be Tested When Dealing With Infertility

If you and your partner have been attempting to conceive for over a year, or over six months if one or both of you are over 35, you should both be tested for infertility. While around one-third of all infertility cases can be attributed to male factors, it is not uncommon for both partners to have fertility complications. Contact our Encino practice to learn more about our fertility testing options for both males and females.

IVF lab

IVF Can Help You Conceive Even With Male Infertility

IVF is a procedure where a woman's eggs are removed and combined with sperm in a laboratory rather than inside the reproductive tract. This allows for closer monitoring by our doctors and can help facilitate conception. IVF can help aid in conception if one or both partners have infertility issues.

Men with a low sperm count, azoospermia, or a blockage like varicocele can undergo a testicular sperm extraction to have their sperm combined with their partner's egg through IVF. Contact our Encino doctors today to learn more about IVF and how we can help you build your family.

IVF Helped This Patient Conceive Twins Even After Years of Trying

"Dr. Kalan is the best doctor we have ever met. He’s a professional, ability, knowledgeable, friendly, patience and responsible doctor.
We are so lucky to find him... Today, I can say we are having to have twins... My husband and I very appreciate Dr. Kalan and his nurses give us help and support. We have very happy IVF journey with Dr. Kalan's clinic."
Selina Pi
Los Angeles Reproductive Center office

Los Angeles Reproductive Center

Los Angeles Reproductive Center is a state-of-the-art fertility center offering the latest fertility testing and treatment options. Our fertility specialists, Dr. Nurit Winkler and Dr. Marc Kalan, are double board-certified doctors who have been widely recognized for their contributions to reproductive medicine. 

To help all patients achieve their dreams of parenthood, our doctors offer:

  • Compassionate care
  • Flexible payment options
  • Two conveniently located offices

Schedule a consultation online or call us at (818) 946-8051 to learn more about our fertility treatments.

Reach Out To Us Today

Los Angeles Reproductive Center is a unique fertility clinic focused on treating patients like family and built upon the principles of communication, compassion, warmth, openness, and service that accompanies an exceptional pregnancy rate. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.

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